Macao’s Basic Information

  • Macao is located on the southeast coast of China and on the west coast of the Pearl River Estuary. It is 60 kilometres from Hong Kong and 145 kilometres from Guangzhou.
  • The total population in 2020 was 683,000 and the total population in employment was 395,000, with a 2.5% unemployment It has a land area of 32.9 square kilometres and a sea area of 85 square kilometres.
  • Located in the East Asian monsoon region, it is hot and rainy in summer, sunny and fresh in autumn, and dry and fairly cold in winter.
  • In addition to Chinese, Portuguese is also used by the executive, legislative and judicial authorities and is also named an official language of Macao. Cantonese is used on a daily basis, and English is widely used in trade, tourism and commerce.
  • It is equipped with a comprehensive infrastructure, extensive and efficient air, land, and marine transport networks, and convenient telecommunications and Internet services.
    • Three bridges and a stretch of reclaimed land connect the Macao peninsula to Taipa and Coloane.
    • The Macau International Airport is now undergoing an extension project that is expected to increase the handling capacity to 10 million passengers per year upon completion in late 2021. As of late May 2021, the airport provided passenger and cargo flights (including helicopter services) to a total of 35 destinations.
    • The Outer Harbour Ferry Terminal, Taipa Ferry Terminal and Inner Harbour Ferry Terminal provide cross-border ferry services for passengers travelling between Macao, Hong Kong and Mainland China.
    • The 55-kilometre-long Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge is a sea crossing connecting Hong Kong, Macao and Zhuhai, through which travellers can shuttle between the Hong Kong International Airport and Macao in less than 30 minutes.
    • The 9.3-kilometre-long Macao Light Rapid Transit (LRT) Taipa Line serves stations spanning major residential communities, old villages and tourist areas in the centre of Taipa and also connects to border ports. In addition, the project to extend the LRT Taipa Line to Hengqin is currently underway.
    • The Qingmao Checkpoint (new Guangdong-Macao crossing) should be inaugurated in the second half of 2021, which is the third port operating under the “integrated inspection” immigration clearance model after the Zhuhai-Macao Port of the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge and the Macao Port Zone of Hengqin Port.
    • Telecommunication services have been constantly improved, including international communications, Internet and International Direct Dialling (IDD) services covering countries all over the world.