Statistical data (Sao Tome and Principe)

Economic Indicator

2019(a) 2020(a) 2021(c) 2022(c)
Population (thousand) 215 219
Real GDP growth rate (%) 484.0(b) 530.9(b)
Total exports (US$ million) 1.3 -7.0(b) 2.9 4.0
Total imports (US$ million) 13.0 14.0
Consumer Price Index (%) 126.0 115.0
Current account balance (US$ million) 7.8 10.0(b) 7.9 8.7
Real GDP growth rate (%) -87.0 -57.0
Exchange Rate (São Tomé and Príncipe dobra STD: US dollars USD) 21.9 21.5 22 27

Remarks: (a) actual value; (b) estimated value of Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU); (c) estimates of Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU).

Source: Country Report Q3 2021 (São Tomé and Príncipe) by British Economist Intelligence Unit

 

Main export and import goods destinations

Main export destinations (2020) Proportion in total value of exports goods (%)
The Netherlands 46.8
Belgium 16.2
Portugal 10.4
Germany 8.6
Others 18.0
Main source of import (2020) Proportion in total value of imports goods (%)
Portugal 52.5
Angola 11.0
Togo 7.8
China 4.8
Others 23.9

Source: International Trade Center (ITC)


Main export and import goods

Major export goods (2020) Proportion in total value of exports goods (%)
Cocoa and cocoa products 54.5
Animal or vegetable fats and oil and their cleavage products; prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 31.7
Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts 4.4
Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 3.2
Others 6.2
Major import goods (2020) Proportion in total value of imports goods (%)
Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 18.4
Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 7.6
Drinks, wine and vinegar 6.7
Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 5.8
Others 61.5

Source: International Trade Center (ITC)


Statistics on Trade in Services

Main Exports Services (2020) Proportion in total value of exports services (%)
Tourism 46.4
Government procurement on goods and services 33.2
Other Business Services 7.1
Other 13.3
Main Imports Services (2020) Proportion in total value of imports services (%)
Transportation 43.0
Tourism 21.9
Other Business Service 17.3
Other 17.8

Remarks:The above content is the estimated data of UNCTAD, WTO and ITC.

Source: International Trade Centre


Statistics on the trade in goods between Mainland China and São Tomé and Príncipe (US$ 10,000)

Year Total trade Total exports value* Total imports value **
2020 2,033.2 2,028.6 4.7
2019 893.4 892.1 1.4
2018 730.5 725.5 5
2017 690.3 690.2 0.1
2016 642.2 640.4 1.8

Remarks: * Value of goods exported to São Tomé and Príncipe from Mainland China; **Value of goods imported from São Tomé and Príncipe to Mainland China

Source of Data: General Administration of Customs of the People’s Republic of China

 

 Source of Data:

  • People’s Republic of China Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  • General Administration of Customs of the People’s Republic of China
  • Embassy of the People’s Republic of China in the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe
  • “2020 Statistical Bulletin of China’s Outward Foreign Direct Investment” by the Ministry of Commerce of the People’s Republic of China
  • SinoMaps Press
  • International Trade Center (ITC)
  • Country Report Q3 2021 (São Tomé and Príncipe) by the British Economist Intelligence Unit
  • 2021 World Investment Report by the UNCTAD

Updated in October 2021.