Statistical data (Sao Tome and Principe)

Economic Indicators

  2017(a) 2018(a) 2019(b) 2020(c)
Surface area (sq. km) 1,001 1,001 1,001 1,001
Population (thousand) 207 211 215
GDP rate (%) 381.8 456.0(b) 482.8
Real GDP growth rate (%) 3.9 2.79(b) 2.3 -5.6
Total exports (US$ million) 16.0 16.0 15.3 8.4
Total imports (US$ million) -127.0 -133.0 -134.5 -86.8
Consumer Price Index (%) 5.7 7.9 7.2(a) 3.0
Current account balance (US$ million) -74.4 -64.1 -60.2 -21.7
Exchange Rate (São Tomé and Príncipe dobra STD: US dollars USD) 21.7 20.8 21.9(a) 22.2

Remarks: (a) actual value; (b) estimated value of Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU); (c) estimates of Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU).
Source: Country Report May 2020 (São Tomé and Príncipe) by British Economist Intelligence Unit

Main export and import destinations

Main export destinations (2018) Proportion in total exports (%)
The Netherlands 37.8
Portugal 24.1
Belgium 17.7
Germany 9.5
Others 10.9
Main source of import (2018) Proportion in total imports (%)
Portugal 53.7
Angola 23.2
China 5.8
Brazil 1.6
Others 15.9

Source: International Trade Center (ITC)

Statistics on the trade between Mainland China and São Tomé and Príncipe (US$ 10,000)

Years Total trade Total exports* Total imports**
2019 893.4 892.1 1.4
2018 730.5 725.5 5
2017 690.3 690.2 0.1
2016 642.2 640.4 1.8
2015 790.4 787.1 3.3

Remarks: * Value of goods exported to São Tomé and Príncipe from Mainland China; **Value of goods imported from São Tomé and Príncipe to Mainland China


Source: General Administration of Customs of the People’s Republic of China


Source of Data:

  • People’s Republic of China Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  • General Administration of Customs of the People’s Republic of China
  • Embassy of the People’s Republic of China in the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe
  • SinoMaps Press
  • International Trade Center (ITC)
  • Country Report May 2020 (São Tomé and Príncipe) by the British Economist Intelligence Unit
  • Doing Business 2020 by the World Bank

Updated in May 2020.