Statistical data (Mozambique)

Economic Indicators

2017(a) 2018(a) 2019(b) 2020(c)
Surface area (sq. km) 799,380 799,380 799,380 799,380
Population (million) 28.6 29.5(b) 30.4 31.3
GDP (US$ billion) 13.2 14.7 15.5 17.5
Real GDP growth rate (%) 3.7 3.4 1.9 -2.4
Total exports (US$ million) 4,725 5,196 4,715 3,632
Total imports (US$ million) -5,223 -6,169 -6,793 -5,513
Consumer Price Index (%) 5.6 3.5 3.5(a) 8.0
Current account balance (US$ million) -2,586 -4,501 -3,040 -3,570
Exchange rate (Mozambican Metical MZN : USD) 59.00 61.50 61.50(a) 56.53
Remarks: (a) actual value; (b) estimated value of Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU); (c) estimates of Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU). Source: Country Report May 2020 (Mozambique) by the British Economist Intelligence Unit

Main export and import destinations

Main export destinations(2018) Proportion in total exports (%)
South Africa 18.9
India 17.0
China 6.9
Italy 6.4
Others 50.8
Main source of import(2018) Proportion in total imports (%)
South Africa 27.9
China 11.3
United Arab Emirates 9.6
Singapore 6.7
Others 44.5
Source: International Trade Center (ITC)

Main export and import goods

Major export goods(2018) Proportion in total exports (%)
Fossil fuels, mineral oil and its distilled products; bituminous substances; mineral wax 42.4
Aluminum and its products 22.5
Ore, slag and ash 5.8
Tobacco and tobacco substitutes 4.9
Others 24.4
Major import goods(2018) Proportion in total imports (%)
Fossil fuels, mineral oil and its distilled products; bituminous substances; mineral wax 20.6
Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances and relevant spare parts 12.9
Vehicles other than railway or tramway vehicles and their parts and accessories 7.8
Cereals 6.4
Others 52.3
Source: International Trade Center (ITC)

Statistics of trade between Mainland China and Mozambique(US$ 10,000)

Year Total trade Total exports* Total imports**
2019 266,973.4 195,769.6 71,203.7
2018 249,532.5 186,189.3 63,343.2
2017 183,423.4 130,674.2 52,749.2
2016 178,734 130,799.4 47,934.6
2015 239,283.2 194,022 45,261.3
Remarks: * Value of goods exported to Mozambique from Macao; **Value of goods imported from Mozambique to Macao. Source: General Administration of Customs of the People’s Republic of China

Statistics of trade between Macao and Mozambique(US$) (1USD»8MOP)

Year Total trade Total exports* Total imports**
2019 56,906 47,907 8,999
2018 209,095 13,866 195,229
2017 34,130
2016 9,188 9,188
2015 1,483 1,483
Remarks: * Value of goods exported to Mozambique from Macao; **Value of goods imported from Mozambique to Macao. Source: Statistics and Census Service (DSEC), Macao SAR Government Source:
  • Country (region) guide for foreign investment co-operation (Mozambique) by the Ministry of Commerce the People’s Republic of China
  • General Administration of Customs of the People’s Republic of China
  • SinoMaps Press
  • Statistics and Census Service (DSEC), Macao SAR Government
  • Mozambique National Bureau of Statistics
  • International Trade Center (ITC)
  • Country Report May 2020 (Mozambique) by the British Economist Intelligence Unit
  • Doing Business 2020 by the World Bank
Updated in May 2020.